psalm 42:1 2 commentary

https: 1 and 2 juxtapose each other; Ps. The reality of the spiritual world, the claims and hopes of his nobler self seem to drop into the background, seem to grow distant, doubtful, dim to see. After his God, his Elohim (his God to be worshipped, who had entered into covenant with him), he pined even as the drooping flowers for the dew, or the moaning turtle for her mate. One can hardly imagine the friends who accompanied David when he fled before Absalom as taunting him with such words as, "Where is thy God?" Psalm 42:1–2 1 As the deer f pants for streams of water, g. so my soul pants h for you, my God. As I observe the immense multitude of a great city, and mark its feverish haste to hear and tell some new thing; as, I say, it follows with an almost fierce curiosity any crime or scandal or tragedy which would give a glimpse into the world where motives take shape, I see the application of the words of the Psalmist: ‘As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after Thee, O God.’ To embrace the creed of materialism is to assassinate humanity, and to give the lie to all that is most worthy in human history. We may learn from this verse that the eagerness of our desires may be pleaded with God, and the more so, because there are special promises for the importunate and fervent. "[9] (Delitzsch believed the place of exile was merely in Trans-Jordan and that the psalmist was at the time an attendant on King David in flight before Absalom; but we disagree with that). 3 My soul thirsts for God, the living God.. David, then, considering that the way of access was shut against him, cried to God, because he was excluded from the outward service of the sanctuary, which is the sacred bond of intercourse with God. Dr. Thomson (Land and the Book, vol. BOOK II Psalms 42–72Psalm 42#In many Hebrew manuscripts Psalms and constitute one psalm.#In Hebrew texts :1-11 is numbered 42:2-12.For the director of music. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". If Song of Solomon , take encouragement, for the Lord despises not the day of small things. Mental and moral aspiration.—What does the Psalmist mean by using the language of bodily appetite to describe the needs of the soul? https: Trusting God in the Face of Institutional Pressure (Psalm 20) God’s Presence in our Struggles at Work (Psalm 23) God’s Guidance in our Work (Psalm 25) Book 2 (Psalms 42–72) God’s Presence in the Midst of Disaster (Psalm 46) Anxiety When Unscrupulous People Succeed (Psalms 49, 50, 52, 62) Book 3 (Psalms 73–89) המה (the future of which Ben-Asher here points ותּהמי, but Ben-Naphtali ותּהמּי), to utter a deep groan, to speak quietly and mumbling to one's self. My Help and My Deliverer To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.. 40 I u waited patiently for the L ord;. All other rights reserved. "My soul thirsteth for God, the living God" (Psalms 42:2). All my nature, my inmost self. In our view, during any of this period from 722 B.C. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. This was not the case with the captives who continually received the taunts of their Assyrian or Babylonian captors. The festive noise is in his ears, and the solemn dance before his eyes. 1685. App-4. ערג to pant, with על, in so far as the desire hangs over its object, rests upon it, with אל, in so far as it is directed upon that. The hart is naturally hot and thirsty. Though its context is unclear, 3 clearly it is a psalm of confidence and trust in the LORD. As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. "As the deer pants after the water brooks, so my soul pants after you, O God." Cruel taunts come naturally from coward minds. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. Matthew 26:38; John 12:27). 42:4b,c) 3. the psalmist's faith is being challenged by his current conditions (i.e., exile) and the taunting of his oppressors (Ps. Psalm 42:1(NASB) Verse Thoughts. This is surely a lament of one who is sore pressed but is seeking God. Psalms 42:1-11.-The Psalmist's panting after restoration to the sanctuary, from which he has been excluded by God's judicial wrath: his tears flow while his foes taunt him with his being deserted by God. After thee; after the enjoyment of thee in thy sanctuary, as it appears from Psalms 42:4. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". Hebrew. Such is the text handed down to us. Commentary on Psalm 2:7-9 (Read Psalm 2:7-9) The kingdom of the Messiah is founded upon an eternal decree of God the Father. (2) The psalmist states in Psalms 43:1 that "an ungodly nation" is against him. (Calmet) --- David teaches the faithful how to begin a good work; and priests how they ought to officiate at Mass. 1 For the leader. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Church Pulpit Commentary. singers in the house of God; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:33 9:19 26:1. Yes, this Mount Mizar is listed by all the scholars as "unknown," "unidentifiable," etc. The only "exile" of which we have any knowledge is that of Israel, (a) first in the person of the Northern Israel who were made captives by Assyria, and (b) again, from the beginning of the reign of the puppet king Zedekiah until the "seventy years" of the Babylonian captivity were fulfilled for Judah. How strong, how striking the figure. "As the hart panteth after the water brooks. It is the symbol of fleetness, of surefootedness, of timidity and innocence, Psalms 18:33; Habakkuk 3:18-19; Song of Solomon 2:8-9; and is here represented as hotly pursued, faint, and thirsty—an emblem of the fugitive and weary king. As after a long drought the poor fainting hind longs for the streams, or rather as the hunted hart instinctively seeks after the river to lave its smoking flanks and to escape the dogs, even so my weary, persecuted soul pants after the Lord my God. May we never pant for these. B.C. A. None but spiritual men can sympathise with this thirst. https: The conflict in the soul of a believer. With these psalms we have the beginning of Book II of the Psalter. As the hart panteth after the water-brooks. Hebrew. He must take his place in the running, and earn by his energy and skill the means of life. "[5] We do not believe that the verse says that; and, as Baigent admitted, "The Psalmist could have been one of the Jewish exiles in Babylonia. Septuagint add, "it has no title, in Hebrew," being composed by the same author, and on the same subject, as the preceding [psalm]. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". (Calmet) --- After we have proved ourselves, according to the admonition of St. Paul, (1 Corinthians xi.) 1870. Not all the wisdom of all the sages of history, not all the goodness of the saints can be taken in exchange for the food and drink by which the body’s waste must be restored and the failing lamp of its vitality replenished. There is no desire of the soul more intense than that which the pious heart has for God; there is no want more deeply felt than that which is experienced when one who loves God is cut off by any cause from communion with him. (4) One other reason for our assignment of these psalms to the period of Israel's captivity is the reasonableness of Clarke's comment. https: "[4] He apparently overlooked the fact that during the long reign of the Babylonian puppet king Zedekiah over Judaea (during the Babylonian Captivity) the Temple worship continued without interruption. (b) By these comparisons of the thirst and panting, he shows his fervent desire to serve God in his temple. Strike away if you will the unworthy accumulation and give your homage to the core of truth; I entreat you have no commerce with any men or any movement which despises and denies the very birthright of humanity, and if you feel that you are growing tolerant of the things of unbelief, if you know yourself to be growing impatient of the faith of Christ, then I beseech you to examine your thoughts and look into your life. By the sons of Korah, in the time of the captivity of Babylon; whence some read the words of the title of this Psalm, Maschil of the sons of Korah. SchindlerF4Lexic. (c) Aristot. and it is not likely that either all or divers of them did join in the inditing of this and the following Psalms so called. Many are sure that this is a psalm written by David, as usually explained, during his exile to some land beyond the Jordan river, during which time the tabernacle services were being conducted. Nothing can give us a higher idea of the Psalmist's ardent and inexpressible longing to attend the public worship of God, than the burning thirst of such a hunted animal for a cooling and refreshing draught of water. Thus in various ways and to various ends we may, with God"s help and blessing, look at and into such expressions as we find in the words of David, and in the fear of God search our hearts to see if we can find anything there corresponding to the work of grace that the Holy Spirit describes as existing in his soul. S. 152; tr. "From the land of Jordan" (Psalms 42:6). Some of these were undoubtedly the composition of David, as it is evident that most of those in the latter part of this book are directed in the same manner, and are unanimously acknowledged to have been written by him. These to satisfy must be perfect and harmonious. Christianity rests in the fact that man is the child of God; materialism rests in the denial of that fact. As the hart brays so his soul prays. He who loves the Lord loves also the assemblies wherein his name is adored. When it is as natural for us to long for God as for an animal to thirst, it is well with our souls, however painful our feelings. So sensible am I of want; so much does my soul need something that can satisfy its desires. Gently proceeding with holy ease, in comely procession, with frequent strains of song, he and the people of Jehovah had marched in reverent ranks up to the shrine of sacrifice, the dear abode of peace and holiness. The words here seem to imply the passage of a considerable amount of time; and, as we pointed out, there was no such time featured in the so-called `exile' of David. z making my steps secure.. 3 He put a a new song in my mouth,. It weakens the sense of responsibility by destroying its basis in fact; it lowers the estimate of goodness by destroying its reality; it definitely stimulates self-indulgence by withdrawing from conscience its authority and reminder of the promise of judgment to come. המון חוגג is the apposition to the personal suffix of this אדדם: with them, a multitude keeping holy-day. Psalm 42:1-2 Why Are You Cast Down, O My Soul? Arab. 2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God; when shall I come and appear before God? (1) The superscription has, "Praising God in Trouble and Exile." Water brooks—The term applies often to streams which dry up in summer. Book I which we have just concluded ascribes all 41 of them to David."[1]. https: At length, however, he resumes his confidence, and concludes with the same persuasion which had consoled him, Psalms 42:6. {Maschil,} or a Psalm giving instruction, of the sons, etc. On Maschil see note on the title, Psalms 32:1-11. My soul thirsteth for God, the living God: My tears have been my food day and night. All of the suppositions of many writers that it might have been in the vicinity of Hermon, or one of the lesser peaks in that region, would make the passage meaningless. This means that whoever wrote the psalms was in the midst of an "ungodly nation" when he did so; and Babylon or Assyria will fit that designation better than any other people. The American Standard Version margin gives "the little mountain" as an alternative reading for "the hill of Mizar"; and there is no reason whatever why it might not be a reference to Mount Zion (Jerusalem). 1917. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". Title. l. 4. c. 11. , who says, that the male harts cry much stronger than the females; and that the voice of the female is short, but that of the male is long, or protracted. Because he lives, and gives to men the living water; therefore we, with greater eagerness, desire him. Why this gnawing and almost desponding grief? 1765. We must not, however, imagine that the prophet suffered himself to rest in earthly elements, (114) but only that he made use of them as a ladder, by which he might ascend to God, finding that he had not wings with which to fly thither. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". Either through a natural thirst that creature is said to have; or through the heat of the summer season; and especially when hunted by dogs, it betakes itself to rivers of water, partly to make its escape, and partly to extinguish its thirst, and refresh itself. As the hart panteth — תערג, tagnarog, brayeth: “The word is strong, and expresses that eagerness and fervency of desire, which extreme thirst may be supposed to raise in an animal almost spent in its flight from the pursuing dogs. (Worthington) --- Holy. ] Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 1 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This is a wisdom psalm, calling people to follow the path of righteousness to obtain the blessings that God confers on the righteous. There are instincts in us which are more trustworthy than our reason, for they, unlike reason, are not hoodwinked by sophistry and led astray by prejudice; and those instincts attest the truth of religion. Panteth — After the enjoyment of thee in thy sanctuary. 3 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God? The rendering therefore is: that I moved on in a dense crowd (here the distinctive Zinnor). There is no desire of the soul more intense than that which the pious heart has for God; there is no want more deeply felt than that which is experienced when one who loves God is cut off by any cause from communion with him. A maskil#Title: Probably a litera All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. And yet strong as it Isaiah , how earnestly does David employ it to set forth the panting of his soul after God. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". These words seem much more appropriate as the tearful expression of Babylonian captives than the walls of the king of Israel. Psalm 62:6-note He only is my rock and my salvation, My stronghold; I shall not be shaken. Read Psalm 42:1 commentary using The Treasury of David. PSALM 42 * Longing for God’s Presence in the Temple. Hist. The Psalmist chose the hind that תערג might correspond to תערג, but chiefly because the hind rather than the hart is suitable, as compared with the feminine soul, which is like it in its weakness. When shall I be so happy as to have access again to his tabernacle, where he manifests his presence, and from whence I am now driven by those who seek my life? the sons of Korah. This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20 … i., p. 253) says, "I have seen large flocks of these panting harts gather round the water-brooks in the great deserts of Central Syria, so subdued by thirst that you could approach quite near them before they fled." 1865-1868. A maskil of the Korahites.. Oh, how it pants! When he harped upon his woes his heart melted into water and was poured out upon itself. You can as little stay the hunger of the spirit of man by giving him an abundance of material provender, as you can stay the hunger of his body with libraries and pictures. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Salt meats, but healthful to the soul. To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. But we may at least see from them what the saints of God have experienced in times of temptation and trial in days of old; and we may in some measure compare the feelings of our soul with theirs—sometimes to fill us with shame and confusion at our short-comings, sometimes to stimulate and encourage us so far as we experience a degree of similar teachings; for these things are written for our instruction, "upon whom the ends of the world are come.". Psalms 41:10-13 God Delivered David Because of His Integrity. "As the hart panteth after the water brooks" (Psalms 42:1). The Psalmist affirms that there exists a similarity and congruity between the soul and the sustenance whereby it lives. Both Pss. ‘As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after Thee, O God.’. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". This was at first applied to the case of one who was cut off from the privileges of public worship, and who was driven into exile far from the place where he had been accustomed to unite with others in that service Psalm 42:4; but it will also express the deep and earnest feelings of the heart of piety at all times, and in all circumstances, in regard to God. We sympathize with them; we pity them; we love them; we feel deeply for them when they are pursued, when they fly away in fear, when they are in want. ; for the priests in white linen, soldiers in garments of war; for the song, the sneer of blasphemy; for the festivity, lamentation; for joy in the Lord, a mournful dirge over his absence. https: A skillful song, {or} a didactic {or} reflective poem, of the sons of Korah. Psalm 62:2-note He only is my rock and my salvation, My stronghold; I shall not be greatly shaken. The outward nearness was the medium of securing the inward, (in this respect Calvin remarks, that as the godly of the Old Testament knew, that wings for flying failed them, they availed themselves of ladders wherewith to mount up to God; and we heed these helps to weakness no longer, simply because they have been furnished us in Christ in a far more real form,) and then the Israelitish church-life concentrated itself there, and contemplation and love were in the individual mightily roused and called forth by the public fellowship. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. He corrects himself with a recollection of God's powerful providence, Psalms 42:6. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Not merely for the temple and the ordinances, but for fellowship with God himself. and it is not likely that either all or divers of them did join in the inditing of this and the following Psalms so called. It is an evidence of a clear conscience, of an upright heart, and of a lively faith in God and in his providence and promise. But this is not usual in this book, to name the author of a Psalm so obscurely and indefinitely; for the sons of Korah were a numerous company. continued...THE ARGUMENT The penman of this Psalm is uncertain. BibliographyTrapp, John. When a man comes to tears, constant tears, plenteous tears, tears that fill his cup and trencher, he is in earnest indeed. BibliographyScofield, C. I. when shall I come and appear before God —. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. It refers here to the intense desire of the hind, in the heat of day, for water; or, in Joel, to the desire of the cattle for water in a time of drought. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". It is a sweet bitterness. Psalm 24:7, Psalm 24:9; Psalm 49:13, 21; Psalm 56:5, Psalm 56:11; Psalm 59:10, 18), nevertheless it is to be read here by a change in the division both of the words and the verses, according to Psalm 42:5 and Psalm 43:5, ישׁוּעות פּני ואלהי, as is done by the lxx (Cod. David's distress is finely and poetically set forth, aggravated with these three considerations: his absence from the worship of God in his tabernacle, the severe insults and blasphemous reproaches of his enemies, and the sad comparison which he could not but make between his present miserable circumstances and those of his prosperous and happy state. * b 4 My tears have been my bread day and night, c. as they ask me every day, “Where is your God?” d 5 Those times I recall It is our duty, it is our privilege to be thus fearless. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". "Thirsteth." When he says that he cried for the living God, we are not to understand it merely in the sense of a burning love and desire towards God: but we ought to remember in what manner it is that, God allures us to himself, and by what means he raises our minds upwards. Psalm 42 Commentary; C H SPURGEON. col. 68. so Kimchi. A depth of urgency and deep pathos is captured in these verses as the metaphor of a weary hind, parched from the blistering heat of the day, is exhausted from the pounding pursuit of howling hounds, who are relentlessly hot on her trail and baying for her blood. The futures, as expressing the object of the remembrance, state what was a habit in the time past. I shall yet praise Him with thanksgiving, praise ישׁוּעות פּניו, the ready succour of His countenance turned towards me in mercy. The sense in which some explain this is, that the waters are eagerly sought by the harts, that they may recover from fatigue; but this, perhaps, is too limited.

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